Planning, Training, and Implementation
Funding the Project
Although data collection can be implemented with a minimal amount of funds (the San Jose Police Department successfully implemented their first data collection program for less than $10,000), funding the project is a significant part of implementing a data collection system. Depending on the needs of the individual jurisdiction, costs can include new technology, modification or updating of older, existing technology, training costs, data collection forms, reference cards for the officers, and data analysis. An important part of the funding process is recognizing that each jurisdiction is different and will require different systems, thus will incur different amounts and types of costs.
Funding can be found from a variety of local, state, and federal sources, and jurisdictions are advised to seek funding from a variety of sources. When data collection is based on federal, state, or local legislation or ordinances, the legislation sometimes provides for sources of funding for certain aspects of the data collection. This can take the form of outside grants or of carrot-and-stick incentives that encourage the individual jurisdictions to collect data. Funding can also come through the normal local or state budget process.
Local, regional, and national nonprofit organizations and foundations might also provide sources of funding. Jurisdictions can look for grants that are offered specifically for racial profiling or data collection efforts, or can talk with foundations to see if they might have grant money that can be awarded from a general pool. The U.S. Department of Justice also awards grant money for data collection programs, especially when they incorporate new uses of technology.
One major role that community groups can play is to help the police department find funding to develop and implement the data collection system. Since funding is often such a major issue in police departments, finding or providing funding can help the police department make the decision to begin collecting data.